Evolution Of Urdu Language

Evolution Of Urdu Language

To understand the specific language we need to understand what exactly language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language is just not just the exchange of words quite it is communication of emotions, expressions, and beliefs. This is perhaps in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In several instances the modes of communication among the mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to precise refers to language. It consists of the words that are unsaid and expressed by actions. Therefore history of languages will be studied intimately by the examine of countries and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural conduct of countries all over the world. Languages have evolved ever since the first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago completely different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This further revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

"It's perfectly safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to "natural selection", so long as we realize that there is no such thing as a substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a belief that there's some naturalistic explanation for these phenomena." [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We cannot trace back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and changed gradually. Languages have quickly modified as well. The greatest reason of change in language is due to socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show speedy changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a sluggish change in language. If there is a lack of interaction there's a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from different cultures.

Language and culture

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would don't have any development of language. Language is not the invention of isolation; moderately it is the creation of socialization. For every growing, developed or grown tradition there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to completely different ethnic backgrounds having totally different dialects. Their languages advanced right into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the present time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which had been spoken by the army of the Mughals. These soldiers had been:

Turkish
Arabs
Pathans
Balochi
Afghans
Persians
Rajputs
Jats
The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word that means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted due to the interplay of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was advanced within the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan family language consists of Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was advanced to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary section, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form a picture of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction within the languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a strong impact on the culture of India and further revolutionized the language to give a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.
• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These have been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English also grew to become a part of it. This change was not that obvious because of the clash with their rule.

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